Thursday, May 08, 2008

A TSUNAMI MEMORY FROM CYCLONE NARGIS

Every day the numbers rise.

Cyclone Nargis has extracted a deadly price in isolated Burma killing nearly 22,500 people as of May 7th with another 41,000 reported missing. But to the witless military junta this appears inconsequential as they are looking to go ahead with a
referendum on a new constitution likely to cement their rule.

I’m not about to discuss the merits (of which there are few) and demerits of the Burmese rulers. Instead, their response, or lack of it, reminded me of India’s response to the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004.

I was at the Marina Beach in those early hours after the tsunami struck trying to make sense of what was happening because I was covering it for
NDTV. I could only confirm 6 deaths in my first live phone interview at 10 am. By 5 pm the figure had jumped to 200 and across south east Asia the toll was 200,000 - quite like the situation in Burma which began with a toll of 351 and has risen alarmingly in the last 3 days.

The world is begging the Burmese junta to accept foreign aid because they need it. It will make the difference between survival and death for its citizens. India had also refused tsunami aid but for entirely different reasons. Keen to prove its dominance in the region and equally eager to keep the US out of its zone of influence, India said “thanks but no thanks.” We wanted to prove that not only could we manage our own affairs, we could help our neighbours too.

And in those early days after the tsunami, I’ll say we sure did. On the Indian mainland in worst hit Tamil Nadu, Jayalalithaa’s government did an outstanding job clearing bodies, cordoning off the beach, shifting people into temporary shelters, providing food and sanitizing the disaster zone. This doesn’t mean that things were working like clockwork, falling into place like a well-rehearsed drill. Quite the contrary because there was a fair degree of confusion and overlap in duties. The effort was outstanding because of the sudden injection of energy, commitment and creativity into the government machinery and its visible presence everywhere. No one could complain that the government didn’t care about them or wasn’t working for them. For someone whose default position is to be anti-establishment this was a refreshing revelation – when push comes to shove the government can deliver. Some of the smartest bureaucrats in Tamil Nadu were on the job leaving the western press a little incredulous that India remained disease free and the situation hadn’t descended into anarchy.

Of course there is an exception here too. Government response in the Andaman and Nicobar islands came late. This had as much to do with inefficiency as it had to do with the fact that island infrastructure was very badly battered. Ayesha Majid, a tribal leader gave an angry TV interview saying if the government didn’t want to help them that was fine but that it should stop lying to the world that everything was under control because her community was shattered and marooned.

But soon the exception became the norm. As people started sensing the opportunities in the midst of grief things changed. The zeal with which government officers had worked was later channeled towards siphoning off aid. The nationalist commitment slowly receded and the old demons of corruption and deceit surfaced once again. And I returned squarely to my default position.

However, it was wonderful, in those brief first few days, to see an Indian government that is capable of so much but alas, does so little.

6 comments:

Sathej said...

Capable of so much, yet doing so little. A pity indeed. Very well put. True, the work done in the Tsunami-management by the Government was remarkable and surprised quite a few. Given the fact that there was much less Tsunami-awareness in those days, the alacrity of response was praiseworthy. But yes, the ghosts of corruption soon raised their ugly heads.
On a different note, I still recall your report in NDTV on the corruption rampant in the czkrationing of rice.A good piece of reporting.
Sathej

Alaphia said...

Thanks Sathej! That story on the rice racket is one of my personal favourites.

Arif Suhale said...

Well, one word can sum up the opportunistic behaviour of our people. "Corruption". It appears our whole government machinery and to a significant extent the administrative officers are primarily responsible for the fiasco.

I could perhaps not be surprised by the politicians being corrupt. But for the IAS officers ineptness and pandering (instead of revolting) to the politicians. I guess the IAS officers themselves are in the game of making money anyways. Maybe Manmohan Singh was right in bringing about accountability from a lateral perspective such as performance based salaries, promotions only for these people. Having external agencies to evaluate their performance is certainly a good idea and making it transparent online and perhaps even naming and shaming them in the process.

To think about it, these IAS officers are not really well trained for such huge administrative tasks. They are just doctors, engineers etc.. who happen to sit down and memorize a whole range of facts to take an exam!!

We need innovative ideas. Perhaps you being part of the media need to run a youngsters competition on putting up the right questions on administrative change and a competition online for ways to improve it?

Arif

Alaphia said...

Arif,
Actually many of the IAS officers who worked on tsunami rehabilitation efforts were outstanding officers and but for them the whole process could have easily been derailed had it been left to the politicians. But I do agree with you that many of them are as corrupt as their political bosses though that is a topic for another day. And thanks for your suggestion.

OnCloud9 said...

great piece...

It is really sad that a govt that is capable of taking care of its people just doesn't because it gets away with it.

I wasn't in India when it happened - and all the information I got was through the western media - and most of it was so positive (I guess based on what happened early on) - and was proud of the Indian govt for once. Now I'm back to being cynical about it...

Alaphia said...

thanks oncloud9!